French Law Vocabulary

Here you will find a complete list of French legal terms. You’ll see that while several of the words are almost the same as English (for example: la défence, defence) there are a few words that can cause a bit of confusion. For example, the word for “bail” is “la caution“. Overall these words should be relatively easy to learn thank to their closeness with English.

le droit law le tribunal court la justice justice
le cour court le juge judge l’avocat lawyer
le jury jury le témoin witness la salle de tribunal courtroom
le banc de jurés jury box
l’accusation prosecution la défence defence
le greffier cour official
le sténographe stenographer l’accusé defendant/accused
le procureur de la République district attorney le procureur prosecutor le procès trial
faire appel to appeal
le verdict verdict le cabinet lawyer’s office
le conseil juridique legal advice
le client client la déposition statement
le mandat warrant l’assignation summons l’acte judicaire writ
la date du procès court date
le plaidoyer plea la cause court case
l’accusation charge la preuve proof innocent innocent
coupable guilty acquitté acquitted la condamnation sentence
la caution bail la liberté conditionnelle parole le verdict sentence
la prison prison la cellule prison cell
le gardien de prison prison guard
le suspect suspect le cassier judicaire criminal record
la photo d’identité mugshot
la loi law le système judiciaire judicial system
la cour suprême supreme court

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