Rocks and Minerals

French Rocks & Minerals Vocabulary

Here you will find a complete list of French vocabulary words for rocks and minerals. The good news is that almost all of the words associated with geology (la géologie) in English and French come directly from Latin and therefore are almost all the same. for example, granite is “le granit” and nickel is “le nickel”. Some of the metal words in French are similar to their English equivalents on the Periodical Table of Elements. For example, gold is “l’or” and iron is “le fer“.

les roches rocks les minéraux minerals le granit granite
l’obsidienne obsidian le basalte basalt la pierre ponce pumice
sédimentaire sedimentary le calcaire limestone la craie chalk
le silex flint le charbon coal le conglomérat conglomerate
le grès sandstone méamorphique metamorphic
le gneiss gneiss
le marbre marble le schiste schist l’ardoise slate
les gemmes gems le rubis ruby l’aigue-marine aquamarine
le jade jade l’émeraude emerald le saphir saphire
la toumaline toumaline le topaze topaz le grenat garnet
la pierre de lune moonstone l’opale opal le jais jet
l‘améthyste amethyst
le rubis ruby les minéraux minerals
l’onyx onyx l’agate agate la graphite graphite
la turquoise turquoise la malachite malachite l’hématite hematite
la calcite calcite le souphre sulpher le mica mica
le quartz quartz les métaux metals l’or gold
l’argent silver le platine platinum le fer iron
le nickel nickel le zinc zinc le mercure mercury
l’aluminium aluminium l’étain tin le cuivre copper

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