Present Participle

le participe présent

In addition to the past participle used in the passé composé, French also has present participle. It is formed by dropping the -ons in the from the present tense form and adding -ant.

present participle conjugation

PARLER TO SPEAK
nous parlonswe speakparlantspeaking
SORTIR TO GO OUT
nous sortonswe go outsortantgoing out
FINIR TO FINISH
nous finissonswe finishfinissantfinishing
CROIRE TO BELIEVE
nous croyonswe believecroyantbelieving
VENDRE TO SELL
nous vendonswe sellvendantselling
-CER AND -GER VERBS -> USE Ç AND AN EXTRA E
MANGER TO EAT
nous mangeonswe eatmangeanteating
LANCER TO THROW
nous lançons
we throwlançantthrowing
REFLEXIVE VERBS FOLLOW THE SAME PATTERN
se balader to have a walkse baladantwalking
se souvenirto rememberse souvenant remembering
ÊTRE, AVOIR AND SAVOIR ARE ALL IRREGULAR
êtreto beétantbeing
avoirto have ayanthaving
savoirto knowsachantknowing

present participle examples

The participe présent can be used to create both nouns and adjectives based off or verbs. Like any noun or adjective in French they must agree with the subject. The present participle is also a French we of expressing -ing.

NOUNS - MAKE SURE TO ADD -E- AND -S- TO MAKE FEMININE & PLURAL
le gagnantthe winner (m)la gagnante the winner (f)
le perdantthe loser (m)la perdante the loser (f)
ADJECTIVES - AGAIN, MAKE SURE THEY AGREE WITH THE SUBJECT
un travail exigeanta demanding job
un enfant fatiguanta tiring child
un film amusanta fun movie
un voyage épuisanta tiring trip
un roman fascinanta fascinating novel
USED AS A VERB TO DESICRIBE -ING
Je t'ai vu entrant dans la maision.I saw you entering the house.
Ayant moins de temps libre, j'ai décidé d'annuler mes vacances.Having less time, I decided to cancel my vacation.
Ne sachant pas sa réponse, je ne savais pas quoi faire. Not knowing her answer, I didn't know what to do.
FOR HAVING + PAST, e.g., HAVING SEEN, COMBINE AYANT OR ÉTANT WITH PAST PARTICIPLE
Ayant payé mon loyer, je n'avais plus d'argent.Having paid my rent, I didn't have any more money.
Étant arrivé en retard, j'ai raté la réunion.Having arrive late, I missed the meeting.
Étant parti de bonne heure, nous sommes arrivés en avance.Having left early, we arrived ahead of time.
Ayant compris la leçon, j'ai pu utiliser le participe présent!Having understood the lesson, I was able to use the present participle.

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