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Mettre Conjugation: How To Conjugate “To Put” In French

Mettre Conjugation: How To Conjugate “To Put” In French

The conjugation of mettre (Meaning: to put, to wear in French) in the present tense is: Je mets (I put), tu mets (you put), il/elle met (he/she puts), nous mettons (we put), vous mettez (you put) and ils/elles mettent (they put).

Mettre Conjugation

Mettre is an irregular -re verb. That means that its endings are different from other regular-re verbs when conjugated in the present tense.

In addition to mettre, French has another verb for to wear: porter.

The past participle of mettre is mis (put, wore) and the present participle is mettant (putting, wearing).

Further down the page we’ve provided conjugation charts for mettre in the following six major verb tenses:

  • Present (le présent de l’indicatif)
  • Compound past (le passé composé)
  • Imperfect (l’imparfait)
  • Simple future (le futur simple)
  • Conditional (le présent du conditionnel)
  • Present subjunctive (le subjonctif)

Mettre conjugation table

The following table gives a quick snapshot of how to conjugation mettre. We’ve included charts with example sentences further down the page.

Mettre conjugation table

Uses of mettre

The verb mettre is highly versatile and had many common usages in French.

To put, to place

The most common usage of mettre is to put and to place. For example:

  • Sylvie met les fleurs sur la table. Sylvie puts (or places) teh flowers on the table.

To put on

Another common usage of mettre is to put on. For example:

  • Julie met ses lunettes. Julie puts on her glasses.

To turn on

The verb mettre can also mean “to turn on”, as in the TV or radio. For example:

  • Jacques met la télé. Jacques turns on the TV.

Mettre can also be used for turning up or down the volume. For example:

  • Mets le volume un peu plus fort, s’il vous plaît. Turn (or put) the volume up a bit, please.

To take (amount of time)

Mettre means “to take” in the context of how much time it takes to carry out an action.

  • Jean met une heure pour arriver au bureau. Jean takes an hour to arrive at the office.

Se mettre à + infintive = to start, begin

In the form of a reflexive verb, se mettre à + infinitive means to start or begin to do an action. For example:

  • Je me mets à travailler. I start working.
  • Il se met à pleuvoir. It starts raining.

Mettre conjugation charts

In the following section we’ve included more elaborate conjugation charts for mettre. Our sample sentences make use of the the verbs various meanings including to put, to place, to wear and to put on.

Present tense (le présent)

In the present tense (le présent), je mets translates to “I put” and “I am putting”.

Je metsI putJe mis du beurre sur le pain. I put butter on the bread.
Tu metsYou put (familiar, singular)Tu mets du maquillage avant de sortir de la maison.You put on make-up before going out of the home.
Il/elle metHe/she putsElle met une heure pour arrive à Paris.She takes an hour to get to Paris.
Nous mettonsWe putNous mettons les assiette sur la table.We put the plates on the table.
Vous mettezYou put (formal, plural)Vous mettez vos meilleurs bijoux. You put on your best jewelry.
Ils/elles mettentThey put, wearIls mettent la télé avant de dîner.They turn on the TV before having dinner.

In the following video, online teacher Alexa teaches the pronunciation of mettre when conjugated in teh present tense, passé composé and future tenses.

Compound past (passé composé)

The French use the passé composé to express pass actions which occurred a specific times. Mettre uses avoir (to have) as an auxiliary verb. J’ai mis means “I put”.

J'ai misI putJ'ai mis la musique avant d'aller au lit. I put the music on before going to sleep.
Tu as misYou put (familiar, singular)Tu as mis tes boucles d'oreille avant de sortir.You put on your earrings before going out.
Il/elle a mitHe/she putElle a mis de la sauce de tomate sur la pizza. She put tomato sauce on the pizza.
Nous avons misWe putNous avons mis la chaîne 4 pour regarder le match de foot. We put on channel 4 to watch the soccer game.
Vous avez misYou put (formal, plural)Vous avez mis cinq heures pour arriver à Munich.You took five hours to get to Munich.
Ils/elles ont misThey putIls ont mis la argenterie sur les tables.They put the silverware on the tables.

Imperfect (l’imparfait)

The French use the imperfect tense (l’imparfait) to express past events which occurred at unspecified times. Je mettais translates to “I was putting” and “I used to put”.

Je mettaisI was putting, used to putJe mettais des lunettes quand j'étais un enfant.I used to wear glasses when I was a child.
Tu mettaisYou were putting, used to put (informal, singular)Tu mettais la table tout le temps quand tu habitais ici.You used to set the table all the time when you lived here.
Il/elle mettaitHe/she was putting, used to putElle mettait son maquillage quand le téléphone a sonné.She was putting on her make-up when the phone rang.
Nous mettionsWe were putting, used to putAvant nous mettions la télé pendant tous nos repas.Before we used to turn on the TV during all our meals.
Vous mettiezYou were putting, used to put (formal, plural)Vous mettiez la musique trop fort quand vous étiez un adolescent.You used to put the music on too loud when you were a teenager.
Ils/elles mettaientThey were putting, used to putIls mettaient trois heures pour arriver à Paris avant l'ouverture de la nouvelle route.They used to take three hours to get to Paris before the opening of the new road.

Future tense (le futur simple)

In the future tense (le future simple), je mettrai translates to “I will put”.

Je mettraiI will putJe mettrai les verres sur la table. I'll put the glasses on the table.
Tu mettrasYou will put (informal, singular)Tu mettras du maquillage ce soir.You'll put on make-up tonight.
Il/elle mettraHe/she will putElle mettra la radio avant de commencer à travailler. She'll turn on the radio before starting work.
Nous mettronsWe will putNous mettrons la table pour les invités.We'll set the table for the guests.
Vous mettrez You will put (formal, plural)Vous mettrez les anchois sur la pizza.You will put anchovies on the pizza.
Ils/elles mettrontThey will putIls mettront les documents sur table.They'll put the documents on the table.

Conditional tense (le conditionnel)

The French use the conditional tense (le conditionnel) to describe hypothetical or “would” actions. Je mettrais translates to “I would put”.

Je mettraisI would putJe mettrais un short s'il faisait plus chaud.I would put on shorts if it were warmer out.
Tu mettraisYou would put (informal, singular)Tu mettrais un costume si tu assistais au mariage. You would put on a suit if you were attending the marriage.
Il/elle mettraitHe/she would putElle mettrait du maquillage mais ce n'est pas necessaire. She would put on make-up bit it's not necessary.
Nous mettrionsWe would putNormalement, nous mettrions une heure pour arriver à Paris.Normally we would take an hour to get to Paris.
Vous mettriezYou would put (formal, plural)Vous mettriez la musique si les enfants n'etaient pas déjà au lit. You'd put on some music if the kids weren't already in bed.
Ils/elles mettraientThey would putIls mettraient leurs anoraks s'il neigait. They would put on their winter coats if it were snowing out.

Subjunctive mood (le subjonctif)

The French use the subjunctive mood (le subjonctif) to express wishes, emotions and doubts. Que je mette translates to “that I put”.

que je mette
that I putIl faut que je mette mes lunettes.I need to put on my glasses.
que tu mettesthat you put (familiar, singular)Elle veut que tu mettes du maquillage.She wants you to put on some make-up.
que il/elle mettethat he/she putsJe doute qu'il mette la table. I doubt he's setting the table.
que nous mettionsthat we putIl faut que nous mettions la télé.We need to turn on the TV.
que vous mettiezthat you put (formal, plural)Je veux que vous mettiez les documents sur le table.I want you to put the documents on the table.
qu'ils/elles mettentthat they putJe veux qu'ils mettent la musique un plus fort.I want them to put the music a bit louder
Mettre present tense

More verb conjugation tables:

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David Issokson

David Issokson is a lifelong language enthusiast. His head is swimming with words and sounds as he speaks over six languages. Of all the languages he speaks, he's the most passionate about French! David has helped hundreds of students to improve their French in his private online lessons. When procrastinating working on FrenchLearner, David enjoys his time skiing and hiking in Teton Valley, Idaho.

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