French Futur Simple, Simple Future Tense: Endings, Examples

Futur simpleThe French use the futur simple (simple future tense) to express actions that will occur in the future. It equates to will in English; I will eat. For most verbs, add the following endings to the infinitive: -ai, -as, -a, -ons-, -ez, -ont. For regular -RE verbs omit the final E on the infinitive. The French use the futur simple to express future events that might not be 100% certain. Further down this page we’ll expand on this with usages and example sentences.

conjugation / endings

PARLER TO SPEAK
je parlerai
tu parleras
il parlera
nous parlerons
vous parlerez
ils parleront
FINIR TO FINISH
je finirai
tu finiras
il finira
nous finirons
vous finirez
ils finiront
VENDRE TO SELL
je vendrai
tu vendras
il vendra
nous vendrons
vous vendrez
ils vendront

verbs with irregular stems

Some verbs have irregular stems. The endings in the futur simple are the same for all verbs in the French language. Some ER verbs have some spelling changes in the future.

InfinitiveEnglishIrregular StemEnglish
allerto goj'iraiI'll go
apercevoirto noticej'apercevraiI'll notice
avoirto havej'auraiI'll have
courirto runje courraiI'll run
devenirto becomeje deviendraiI'll become
devormust, have toje devraiI'll have to
envoyerto sendj'enverraiI'll send
êtreto becomeje seraiI'll become
faireto make, doje feraiI'll make, do
falloirto be necessaryil faudraIt will be necessary
mourirto dieje mourraiI'll die
pleuvoirto rainil pleuvraIt will rain
pouvoircan, to be able toje pourraiI'll be able to
recevoirto receiveje recevraiI'll receive
revenirto come back, returnje reviendraiI'll be back
savoirto knowje sauraiI'll know
tenirto holdje tiendraiI'll hold
valoirto be worthil vaudraIt will be worth
venirto comeje viendraiI'll come
voirto seeje verraiI'll see
vouloirto wantje vouraiI'll want
ER verbs with stem/spelling changes
acheterto buyj'achêteraiI'll buy
appelerto callj'appelleraiI'll call
employerto hirej'emploieraiI'll hire
essuyerto wipej'essuieraiI'll wipe
jeterto throwje jetteraiI'll throw
nettoyerto cleanje nettoieraiI'll clean
préférerto preferje préféreraiI'll prefer
s'asseoirto sitje m'assiérai or je m'assoiraiI'll sit

usages, examples and constructions

Use the futur simple to express future events that are relatively uncertain.

Par example:

  • Demain, j’irai peut-être a la plage.
    Maybe I’ll go to the beach tomorrow.

Here are four common constructions using the futur simple:

1) Si + present tense / futur simple

  • Si j’ai l’argent, j’achèterai la voiture.
    I’ll buy the car if I have the money.

2) Esperer que + futur simple

  • J’espere qu’elle viendra demain.
    I hope she’ll come tomorrow.

3) Penser que + futur simple

  • Je pense qu’il pleuvra demain.
    I think it’ll rain tomorrow.

4) Croire que + futur simple

  • Je crois que les enfants seront très heureux.
    I believe the kids will be very happy.

conjunctions and quand

Unlike English where one says, “I’ll call you when I arrive”, both parts of this kind of sentence are in the future tense in French. This applies to sentences with the conjunctions quand (when), lorsque (when), dès que (as soon as), aussitôt que (as soon as) and après que (after). To remember this rule just think “future-future”.

Note that once side of such a sentence would also be in the futur proche (aller + infinitive) or the imperative.

  • Je te téléphonerai lorsque j’arriverai.
    I’ll call you when I arrive.
  • Je t’appellerai dès que j’aurai les nouvelles.
    I’ll call you once I get the news.
  • Quand tu recevras le colis, appelle-moi.
    Call me when you receive the package.
  • Je partirai en vacances quand il fera beau.
    I’ll go on vacation when it’s nice out.
  • Il se couchera dès qu‘il finira son travail.
    He’ll go to bed once he finishes his work.
  • J’achèterai une maison quand j’aurai assez d’argent.
    I’ll buy a house when I have enough money.
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