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Manger Conjugation: How To Conjugate “To Eat” In French

Manger Conjugation: How To Conjugate “To Eat” In French

The conjugation of manger (meaning: to eat; pronunciation mɑ̃ʒe) is je mange (I eat), tu manges (you eat), il/elle mange (he/she eats), nous mangeons (we eat), vous mangez (you eat), ils/elles mangent (they eat). In this post we’ll provide conjugation charts for manger in six major verb tenses.

Manger (to eat) conjugation tables

Manger is a regular -er verb. The means that its endings in the present tense are the same as all other regular verbs which have infinitives ending in -er. The endings are: -e, -es, -e, -ons, -ez, and -ent.

The past participle of manger is mangé, meaning “ate”.

There is a slight irregularity in the first-person plural (nous) form where an extra -e is added. We’ll explain more below.

The verb tenses covered on this page include:

  • Present (le présent)
  • Le passé composé
  • Imperfect (l’imparfait)
  • Simple future (le futur simple)
  • Conditional (le conditionnel)
  • Subjunctive (le subjonctif)

Manger conjugation verb table

The following is a verb conjugation table of manger in six tenses. Further down the page we’ve provided complete conjugation chart including example sentences.

Manger (to eat) conjugation table in six tenses.

Manger conjugation charts

The following section provides full conjugation charts for manger with example sentences. These charts make use of French food vocabulary.

Present tense

In the present tense (le présent), je mange translates to both “I eat” and “I am eating”.

Note a particularity about manger when conjugated in the present tense. An extra -e is inserted in the first-person plural (nous) form after the -g (mangeons) to make a soft -g sound.

This pronunciation rule is covered on our French reading rules page.

Je mangeI eatJe mange la pizza. I'm eating the pizza.
Tu mangesYou eat (familiar, singular)Tu manges le fromage. You eat the pizza.
Il/elle mangeHe/she eatsIl mange le poisson. He's eating the fish.
Nous mangeonsWe eatNous mangeons le filet mignon.We're eating the filet mignon.
Vous mangezYou eat (formal, plural)Vous mangez le poulet et le riz.You are eating the chicken and the rice.
Ils/elles mangentThey eatIls mangent la glace au chocolat.They're eating the chocolate ice cream.

Passé composé

The passé composé is commonly used French past tense used to express completed events. In the first-person singular (je) form, j’ai mangé means “I ate”. The past participle of manger is mangé.

J'ai mangéI ateJ'ai mangé toute la pizza.I ate the entire pizza.
Tu as mangéYou ate (familiar, singular)Tu as mangé une salade verte.You ate a green salad.
Il/elle a mangéHe/she ateElle a mangé tous les biscuits.She ate all the cookies.
Nous avons mangéWe ateNous avons mangé un gâteau au chocolat.We ate a chocolate cake.
Vous avez mangéYou ate (formal, plural)Vous avez mangé les saucisson. You ate the dried saussage.
Ils/elles ont mangéThey ateIls ont mangé le le bifsteck d’alouyau.They ate the sirloin steak.

Imperfect

The French use the imperfect tense (l’imparfait) to express actions which occurred at unspecified times. Je mangeais translates to “I used to eat” and “I was eating”.

Je mangeaisI used to eat, was eatingAvant, je mangeais trop de sucre. Before, I used to each too much sugar.
Tu mangeaisYou used to eat, were eating (familiar, singular)Qu'est-ce que tu mangeais quand tu étais un enfant?What did you used to eat when you were a child?
Il/elle mangeaitHe used to eat, was eatingIl mangeait quand quelqu'un a frappé à la porte.He was eating when somebody knocked on the door.
Nous mangionsWe used to eat, were eatingNous mangions beaucoup de pizza à l'université.We used to eat a lot of pizza in college.
Vous mangiezYou used to eat, were eating (formal, plural)Vous mangiez à la cantine au collège. You used to eat at the cafeteria in middle school.
Ils/elles mangeaientThey were eating, used to eatAvant, ils mangeaient trop de glucide. Before, they used to eat too many carbohydrates.
Boy eating apple.

Future tense

In the future tense (le futur simple), je mangerai translates to “I will eat”.

Je mangeraiI will eatJe mangerai beaucoup de fromage en France. I will eat a lot of cheese in France.
Tu mangerasYou will eat (familiar, singular)Tu mangeras beaucoup de pizza en Italie.You will eat a lot of pizza in Italy.
Il/elle mangeraHe/she will eatEst-ce qu'elle mangera avec nous?Will she eat with us?
Nous mangeronsWe will eatNous ne mangerons pas avant midi.We will not eat before noon.
Vous mangerezYou will eat (formal, plural)Vous mangerez chez vos amis ce soir.You will eat at your friends' house tonight.
Ils/elles mangerontThey will eatIls mangeront bien en Europe.They will eat well in Europe.

Conditional tense

The French use the conditional tense (le conditionnel) to express hypothetical events which “would” occur. Je mangerais translates to “I would eat”.

Je mangeraisI would eatJe mangerais mais je n'ai pas faim.I would eat but I'm not hungry.
Tu mangeraisYou would eat (informal, singular)Tu mangerais si tu avais faim.You would it if you were hungry.
Il/elle mangeraitHe/she would eatElle mangerait si elle se sentait mieux.She would eat if she felt better.
Nous mangerionsWe would eatNous mangerions si nous avions assez de temps.We would eat if we had enough time.
Vous mangeriezYou would eat (formal, plural)Vous mangeriez si vous aviez faim.You would eat if you were hungry.
Ils/elles mangeraientThey would eatIls mangeraient si ils avaient une reservation.They would eat if they had a reservation.

Subjunctive

The French use the subjunctive mood (le subjonctif) to express wishes, emotions and doubts. Que je mange translates to “that I eat”.

que je mangethat I eatIl faut que mange avant de partir.I need to eat before leaving.
que tu mangesthat you eat (familiar, singular)Je veux que tu manges quelque chose.I want you to eat something.
qu'il/elle mangethat he/she eatsJe doute qu'elle mange les légumes. I doubt she's eating the vegetables.
que nous mangionsthat we eatElle est heureuse que nous mangions le poisson.She's happy we're eating the fish.
que vous mangiezthat you eat (formal, plural)Ils faut que vous mangiez le fromage.You need to eat the cheese.
qu'ils/elles mangentthat they eatJe ne sais pas s'ils mangent avec nous.I don't know if they're eating with us.
Girl eating pizza.

Help learning French verbs
Learning French verbs can be very difficult. We’ve known Camille at Frenchtoday.com for many years. Camille suggest to focus more on mastering the pronunciation of verbs. She elaborates on this top in this blog post.

More verb conjugation tables on our site:

manger (to eat) conjugation
je mange I eat
tu manges you eat
il/elle mange he/she eats
nous mangeons we eat
vous mangez you eat
ils/elles mangent they eat

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David Issokson

David Issokson is a lifelong language enthusiast. His head is swimming with words and sounds as he speaks over six languages. Of all the languages he speaks, he's the most passionate about French! David has helped hundreds of students to improve their French in his private online lessons. When procrastinating working on FrenchLearner, David enjoys his time skiing and hiking in Teton Valley, Idaho.

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