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Afin Meaning & Translation – So that, In order to in French

Afin Meaning & Translation – So that, In order to in French

Today we’ll look at a highly useful preposition: afin. Translations for afin are “so that” and “in order to”. There are some grammatical structures involved here today and we’ll try to explain them in a very succinct way.

afin

so that, in order to

Afin Meaning & Translation

Word origin

The French word afin is a combination of the preposition à (to, at) and fin (end). Hence, a literal translation of afin is “to the end”. These words in turn come from the Latin ad (to) and finis (end).

Example sentences

Afin que + subjunctive

Our first example sentece uses the grammatical stucture afin que + subject + subjunctive (so that + person). Translations also include “in order that + person”. This page on our site explains the French subjunctive mood in detail.

Afin que + subject + verb in subjunctive mood

Afin que vous puissiez comprendre, je vais écrire les instructions.

I’m going to write down the instructions so that you can understand.

Afin de + infinitive

The next two example sentences use the grammatical structure afin de + infinitive (in order to). Translations also include “to + verb” and “so as to + verb”.

Afin de + infinitive

Je me suis levé à six heures du matin afin d’arriver à l’heure.

I got up at 6am in order to arrive on time.

This next example sentence uses the reflexive verb se débrouiller (to manage, to get by), which we covered in this lesson.

Afin de pouvoir me débrouiller en France, j’apprends le français.

I’m learning French in order to be able to get by in France.

Conclusion

Et voilà ! You now know how to use afin in French! Now check our lesson coving the word ainsi. Ainsi translates to “like this” and ainsi que translates to “as well as”.

Example of how to use "afin" in French: Elle apprend le français afin de pouvoir parler en France. = She learns French in order to be able to speak in France.
Elle apprend le français afin de pouvoir parler en France. = She learns French in order to be able to speak in France.

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David Issokson

David Issokson is a lifelong language enthusiast. His head is swimming with words and sounds as he speaks over six languages. Of all the languages he speaks, he's the most passionate about French! David has helped hundreds of students to improve their French in his private online lessons. When procrastinating working on his site, FrenchLearner.com, David enjoys his time skiing and hiking in Teton Valley, Idaho.

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