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French Politics & Election Vocabulary

French Politics & Election Vocabulary

Lexique de la politique et les élections

Interested in French politics (la politique)? On this page you’ll find a comprehensive list of French political vocabulary and election terms. We’ve broken the list down into the following categories: people in politics, government terms, sectors, elections and verbs.

People in politics

You’ll find that almost all the political terms in French and English are almost the same, especially words for different people.

  • President le président de la République
  • Prime minister le Premier ministre
  • ministers les ministres
  • MP, congressman les députés
  • Sentor les sénateurs

Government terms

The French political system can be a bit of a mystery for non-French people. This page on Expatic covers the French government structure in depth.

  • politics la politique
  • government le gouvernement
  • executive power le pouvoir executif
  • legislative power le pouvoir législatif
  • Parliament le Parlement
  • national assembly L’Assemblée nationale
  • Senate le Sénat
  • laws les lois (f)


The following is a list of different areas the French government overseas.

  • economy l’économie
  • finance les finances
  • employment l’Emploi
  • foreign affairs les Affaires étrangères
  • education l’Éducaiton nationale
  • health la Santé
  • youth and sports la Jeunesse et les Sports
  • transportation les Transports


The following vocabulary list pertains to French political elections. In France, presidents serve a five-year terms and are limited to two consecutive terms.

  • presidential election une élection présidentielle
  • legislative election les élections législatives
  • political parties les partis politiques (m)
  • far right l’extrême droite
  • far left l’extrême gauche
  • candidate un candidat, une candidate
  • independent candidate un candidat indépendant
  • green party les écologistes
  • voter un électeur, une électrice
  • campaign rally un grand rassemblement
  • ballot paper un bulletin de vote
  • election day le jour des élections
  • polling station le bureau de vote
  • voting card une carte d’électeur
  • polling booth, voting booth un isoloir
  • voting box une urne de vote
  • mayor un maire
  • local elections les élections municipales


  • to vote on laws voter les lois
  • to announce, promulgate promulguer
  • to elect élire
  • to get the majority of votes remporter la majorité des voix
  • to cast a vote depose un bulletin
  • to count the votes dépouiller les votes
  • to announce the results proclamer les résultats
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David Issokson

David Issokson is a lifelong language enthusiast. His head is swimming with words and sounds as he speaks over six languages. Of all the languages he speaks, he's the most passionate about French! David has helped hundreds of students to improve their French in his private online lessons. When procrastinating working on his site,, David enjoys his time skiing and hiking in Teton Valley, Idaho.

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