French Law & Legal Terms – Complete Vocabulary List

lexique de la loi

Here you will find a complete list of French legal terms. You’ll see that while several of the words are almost the same as English (for example: la défence, defence) there are a few words that can cause a bit of confusion. For example, the word for “bail” is “la caution“. Overall these words should be relatively easy to learn thank to their closeness with English.

le droit lawle tribunal courtla justice justice
le cour courtle juge judgel’avocat lawyer
le jury juryle témoin witnessla salle de tribunal courtroom
le banc de jurés jury box
l’accusation prosecutionla défence defence
le greffier cour official
le sténographe stenographerl’accusé defendant/accused
le procureur de la République district attorneyle procureur prosecutorle procès trial
faire appel to appeal
le verdict verdictle cabinet lawyer’s office
le conseil juridique legal advice
le client clientla déposition statement
le mandat warrantl’assignation summonsl’acte judicaire writ
la date du procès court date
le plaidoyer pleala cause court case
l’accusation chargela preuve proofinnocent innocent
coupable guiltyacquitté acquittedla condamnation sentence
la caution bailla liberté conditionnelle parolele verdict sentence
la prison prisonla cellule prison cell
le gardien de prison prison guard
le suspect suspectle cassier judicaire criminal record
la photo d’identité mugshot
la loi lawle système judiciaire judicial system
la cour suprême supreme court
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