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French Law & Legal Terms

French Law & Legal Terms

Lexique de la loi

Here you will find a complete list of French legal terms. You’ll see that while several of the words are almost the same as English (for example: la défence, defence) there are a few words that can cause a bit of confusion. For example, the word for “bail” is “la caution”.

  • le droit law
  • le cour court
  • le jury jury
  • le banc de jurés jury box
  • le greffier cour official
  • le procureur de la République district attorney
  • faire appel to appeal
  • le conseil juridique legal advice
  • le mandat warrant
  • la date du procès court date
  • l’accusation charge
  • coupable guilty
  • la caution bail
  • la prison prison
  • le suspect suspect
  • la loi law
  • le tribunal court
  • le juge judge
  • le témoin witness
  • l’accusation prosecution
  • le sténographe stenographer
  • le procureur prosecutor
  • le verdict verdict
  • le client client
  • l’assignation summons
  • le plaidoyer plea
  • la preuve proof
  • acquitté acquitted
  • la liberté conditionnelle parole
  • la cellule prison cell
  • le cassier judicaire criminal record
  • le système judiciaire judicial system
  • la justice justice
  • l’avocat lawyer
  • la salle de tribunal courtroom
  • la défence defence
  • l’accusé defendant/accused
  • le procès trial
  • le cabinet lawyer’s office
  • la déposition statement
  • l’acte judicaire writ
  • la cause court case
  • innocent innocent
  • la condamnation sentence
  • le verdict sentence
  • le gardien de prison prison guard
  • la photo d’identité mugshot
  • la cour suprême supreme court
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David Issokson

David Issokson is a lifelong language enthusiast. His head is swimming with words and sounds as he speaks over six languages. Of all the languages he speaks, he's the most passionate about French! David has helped hundreds of students to improve their French in his private online lessons. When procrastinating working on his site,, David enjoys his time skiing and hiking in Teton Valley, Idaho.

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