French Law & Legal Terms

lexique de la loi

Here you will find a complete list of French legal terms. You’ll see that while several of the words are almost the same as English (for example: la défence, defence) there are a few words that can cause a bit of confusion. For example, the word for “bail” is “la caution“. Overall these words should be relatively easy to learn thank to their closeness with English.

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  • le droit law
  • le cour court
  • le jury jury
  • le banc de jurés jury box
  • le greffier cour official
  • le procureur de la République district attorney
  • faire appel to appeal
  • le conseil juridique legal advice
  • le mandat warrant
  • la date du procès court date
  • l’accusation charge
  • coupable guilty
  • la caution bail
  • la prison prison
  • le suspect suspect
  • la loi law
  • le tribunal court
  • le juge judge
  • le témoin witness
  • l’accusation prosecution
  • le sténographe stenographer
  • le procureur prosecutor
  • le verdict verdict
  • le client client
  • l’assignation summons
  • le plaidoyer plea
  • la preuve proof
  • acquitté acquitted
  • la liberté conditionnelle parole
  • la cellule prison cell
  • le cassier judicaire criminal record
  • le système judiciaire judicial system
  • la justice justice
  • l’avocat lawyer
  • la salle de tribunal courtroom
  • la défence defence
  • l’accusé defendant/accused
  • le procès trial
  • le cabinet lawyer’s office
  • la déposition statement
  • l’acte judicaire writ
  • la cause court case
  • innocent innocent
  • la condamnation sentence
  • le verdict sentence
  • le gardien de prison prison guard
  • la photo d’identité mugshot
  • la cour suprême supreme court
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