Verbs Not Followed By A Preposition

In French one verb can be followed by another verb. In some situations the verb is followed directly with an infinitive (J’aime danser). In other situations the verb is followed by à or de. Here we’ll look at verbs that are followed with an infinitive.

You cannot say J’espère que je + verb. You cannot have the same subject appear twice separated by que. In this instance you need to use the subject once at the beginning of the sentence followed by the infinitive. If there are two subjects separated by que then either the indicative or subjunctive is used.

  • J’espère partir demain. I hope to leave tomorrow.
  • Nous aimons voyager en France. We like traveling in France.
  • Je sais chanter cette chanson. I know how to sing this song.
  • Je n’ose pas parler. I don’t dare to speak.
  • Nous espérons partir demain. We hope to leave tomorrow.
  • Je préfère commander la pizza. I prefer to order the pizza.

verbs not followed by a preposition

INFINITIVEENGLISH
aimerto like, love
allerto go
avouerto admit
compterto intend, count on
désirerto desire, wish
détesterto hate
devoirmust, have to
écouterto listen to
espérerto hope
faireto make, do
falloirmust, to be necessary
laisserto let, allow
oserto dare
paraîtreto appear, seem
penserto think, intend
pouvoirto be able
préférerto prefer
prétendreto claim
savoirto know
semblerto seem
sentirto feel, think
souhaiterto wish
venirto come
vouloirto want

Verbs of movement are also followed with an infinitive and no preposition.

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  • Je viens te chercher à l’aéroport. I’ll come to get you at the airport.
  • Je monte prendre les boîtes. I’m going up to get the boxes.
  • Je descends demarrer la voiture. I’m going down to start the car.
  • Je sors chercher les poubelles. I’m going out to get the trash bins.

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