Skip to Content

French Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary

French Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary

Lexique des roches et le minéraux

On this page you will find a complete list of French vocabulary words for rocks and minerals. The good news is that almost all of the words associated with geology (la géologie) in English and French come directly from Latin and therefore are almost all the same. for example, granite is “le granit” and nickel is “le nickel”. Some of the metal words in French are similar to their English equivalents on the Periodical Table of Elements. For example, gold is “l’or” and iron is “le fer”.

Image: Rocks and minerals
  • les roches rocks
  • l’obsidienne obsidian
  • sédimentaire sedimentary
  • le silex flint
  • le grès sandstone
  • le marbre marble
  • les gemmes gems
  • le jade jade
  • la toumaline toumaline
  • la pierre de lune moonstone
  • l‘améthyste amethyst
  • l’onyx onyx
  • la turquoise turquoise
  • la calcite calcite
  • le quartz quartz
  • l’argent silver
  • le nickel nickel
  • l’aluminium aluminium
  • les minéraux minerals
  • le basalte basalt
  • le calcaire limestone
  • le charbon coal
  • méamorphique metamorphic
  • le schiste schist
  • le rubis ruby
  • l’émeraude emerald
  • le topaze topaz
  • l’opale opal
  • le rubis ruby
  • l’agate agate
  • la malachite malachite
  • le souphre sulpher
  • les métaux metals
  • le platine platinum
  • le zinc zinc
  • l’étain tin
  • le granit granite
  • la pierre ponce pumice
  • la craie chalk
  • le conglomérat conglomerate
  • le gneiss gneiss
  • l’ardoise slate
  • l’aigue-marine aquamarine
  • le saphir saphire
  • le grenat garnet
  • le jais jet
  • les minéraux minerals
  • la graphite graphite
  • l’hématite hematite
  • le mica mica
  • l’or gold
  • le fer iron
  • le mercure mercury
  • le cuivre copper

Discover more:

Sharing is caring!

Affiliate disclosure: Below you will find affiliate links. If you purchase something after clicking the link, we will receive a small commission. To learn more please visit our full disclosure page. Merci!

Sign up to download your free trial of À Moi Paris a French course which I recommend to my personal students to help with pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar. After that, upgrade for access to 77 hours of audio lessons.

Read our full review of À Moi Paris and find out why we love it so much!

Are you struggling with French verb conjugations? Then we highly recommend French Today's French Verb Drills course. Get over 28 hours of audio exercises to build reflexes and dramatically improve your French level and confidence.

Read our full review of French Verb Drills and find out why we recommend this course!

David Issokson

David Issokson is a lifelong language enthusiast. His head is swimming with words and sounds as he speaks over six languages. Of all the languages he speaks, he's the most passionate about French! David has helped hundreds of students to improve their French in his private online lessons. When procrastinating working on his site,, David enjoys his time skiing and hiking in Teton Valley, Idaho.

See all posts by