les mathematiques

On this page you’ll find a complete list of French math vocabulary. These table cover basic operations, equations, essential vocabulary as well as the various kinds of math.

This first table goes over basic operations. In French you can say both 1) ‘un plus on égale deux’ and 2) ‘un plus un font deux’.

addition - l’addition
2 + 4 = 6deux plus quatre font sixtwo plus four equal six
substraction - la soustraction
5 - 2 = 3cinq moins deux font troisfive minus two equals three
multiplication - la multiplication
2 x 3 = 6deux fois trois font sixtwo times three equals six
2 x 3 = 6deux multipliés par trois font sixtwo multiplied by three equals six
division - la division
8 ÷ 4 = 2huit divisés par quatre font deuxeight divied by four equals two
raising to a power - l’elevation à une puissance
4² = 16quatre au carré égalent seizefour squared (or to the second power) equals sixteen
extraction of a squareroot - l’extraction d’une racine
√4 la racine carrée de quatre est deuxthe square root of four is two
ratio - la proportion
12 : 4 = 9 : 3douze est à quatre comme neuf est à troistwelve is to four as nine is to three

The following list covers most terms you’d need in a French math class.

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mathematical operationune opération mathématique
to addajouter
to substractsoustraire
to multiplymultiplier
multiplicationla multiplication
multiplied bymultiplié par
multiplication tablela table de multiplication
to dividediviser
divisionla division
divided bydivisé par
to raise to a powerélever a une puissance
cubedau cube
to the fourth powerà la quatrième puissance
to the nth powerà la puissance de n
to extract a rootextraire la racine
square rootla racine au carré
cube rootla racine cubique
nth rootà la racine n
averagela moyenne
binary (adj)binaire
binary numberun nombre binaire
to calculatecalculer
even numberun nombre pair
odd numberun nombre impair
whole numberun nombre entier
prime numberun nombre premier
digitun chiffre
negative (adj)négatif
positive (adj)positif
calculationun calcul
cardinal numberun nombre cardinal
consantune constante
to countcompter
decimaldécimal (adj)
decimalune virgule
differencela difference
long divisionla division complexe
equalsest égale à
does not equaln’est pas égale à
is equivalent toest équivalent à
is greater thanest supérieur à
is less thanest inférieur à
equationune équation
exponentun exposant
fractionune fraction
factorun facteur
to factormettre en facteurs
functionune fonction
graphun graphe
logarithmun logarithme
multipleun multiple
percentpour cent
percentageun pourcentage
math problemun problème de math
to solve a math problemrésoudre un problème de math
productle produit
quotientun quotient
setun ensemble
solutionune solution
sumle calcul
to sumsommer, additionner
symbolun symbole
variableune variable
algebral’algèbre (f)
arithmeticl’arithmétique (f)
calculusle calcul infinitésimal
geometryla géométrie
mathematical analysisla analyse grammaticale
number theoryla théorie des nombres
statistics les statistiques (fp)
topologyla topologie
trigonometryla trigonométrie

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