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French Health & Illnesses Vocabulary – Going To The Doctor

French Health & Illnesses Vocabulary – Going To The Doctor

French health and illnesses vocabulary for going to the doctor includes words and phrases as “Je suis malade” (I am sick), le médecin and le docteur (doctor), un cabinet médical (doctor’s office) un infirmier and une infirmière (nurse). This page offers all the vocabulary and phrases you’ll need for visiting the doctor’s office in French.

French Doctor's Office Vocabulary: Health & Illness

Essential phrases for visiting the doctor

The following list of phrases are what you will need for scheduling your appointment with the doctor. We have provided a short of specialist doctors. The word for general practitioner is “médecin généraliste”.

To schedule your appointment it will be helpful to know how to tell time and know how to say the date.

  • I need to see a doctor, please. J’ai besoin de voir un médecin, s’il vous plaît.
  • Does the doctor speak English? Le médecin parle-t-il anglais?
  • I’d like to make an appointment with the doctor. Je voudrais donner rendez-vous chez le médecin.
  • as soon as possible dès que possible
  • ….for tomorrow pour demain
  • What time is the doctor available? A quelle heure le médecin est-il disponible?
  • I’d like to see a… Je voudrais voir un…
  • …children’s doctor un pédiatre
  • …general practitioner un généraliste
  • …eye doctor un oculiste
  • …gynaecologist un gynécologue
  • What is the doctor’s address? Quelle est l’adresse de son cabinet?

Phrases for the patient

The following is a comprehensive list of phrases you may use to describe your symptoms to the doctor. We have tried to come up with a complete list of ailments. To express pain used the avoir mal structure. For example, J’ai mal a la tête” is I have a headache and “J’ai mal au dos” is I have a backache.

  • I’m sick/ill. Je suis malade.
  • I don’t feel well. Je ne me sens pas bien.
  • My … hurts. J’ai mal à…
  • I have… J’ai…
  • …allergies des allergies
  • …asthma de l’asthme
  • …a backache mal aux reins
  • …a cold un rhume
  • …a cough la toux
  • …cramps des crampes
  • …an earache mal aux oreilles
  • …hay fever le rhume des foins
  • …high blood pressure la tension artérielle
  • …indigestion une indigestion
  • …an infection une infection.
  • …insomnia l’insomnie
  • …a nosebleed des saignements de nez
  • …stuffy nose le nez bouché
  • …palpitations des palpitations
  • …rheumatism des rhumatismes
  • …stiff neck un troticolis
  • …a stomach ache mal au ventre
  • I have diabetes. j’ai la diabète.
  • I have high cholesterol. J’ai le cholestérol élevé.
  • I’m having trouble… J’ai de la peine à…
  • …breathing respirer
  • …walking marcher
  • Could you give me a prescription? Pouvez-vous me donner une ordonnance?
  • I’m allergic to antibiotics. Je suis allergique aux antibiotiques.
  • Do I need to take the medication with food? Dois-je prendre le médicament avec la nourriture?
  • How many times per day do I have to take the medication? Combien de fois par jour dois-je prendre le médicament

Phrases for the doctor

The following list comprises phrases which you might hear from the doctor. Again, to talk about pain the “avoir mal” structure is used. Hence, when asking were you have pain the doctor might ask, “Avez-vous mal?” (do you have pain?).

  • Are you currently taking an medications. Prenez-vous des médicaments en ce moment?
  • Where does it hurt? Où avez-vous mal ?
  • How long have you had these symptoms? Depuis combien de temps avez-vous ces symptôme.
  • Describe your pain. Décrivez votre douleur.
  • It’s infected. C’est infecté.
  • You’ll need an x-ray. Il vous faut une radio.
  • You’ll need a cast. Il vous faudra un plâtre.
  • Have you been vaccinated? Êtes-vous vacinné(e)?
  • I’m going to take your… Je vais prendre your…
  • … temperature température
  • blood pressure …tension
  • Undress, please. Déshabillez-vous, s’il vous plaît
  • Roll up your sleeve, please. Relevez votre manche, s’il vous plaît
  • Do you have pain here? Avez-vous mal ici?
  • Show me where it hurts. Montrez-moi où ça fait mal.
  • Open your mouth. Ouvrez la bouche.
  • Cough, please. Toussez, s’il vous plaît.
  • Take a deep breath. Respirez à fond.
  • We’re going to give you an injection. On va vous faire une piqûre.

Useful vocabulary for the doctor’s office

The following list includes a sampling of vocabulary which you might need for a visit to the doctor’s office. This separate page covers a complete list of Covid 19 vocabulary.

  • acne l’acné (f)
  • AIDS le SIDA
  • allergy une allergie
  • appendicitis l’appendicite (f)
  • appointment un rendez-vous
  • arthritis l’arthrite (f)
  • bandage un pansement
  • blood le sang
  • blood test une analyse de sang
  • bronchitis la bronchite
  • cold un rhume
  • cough une toux
  • cure une guérison
  • DNA le ADN
  • doctor le médecin
  • eye doctor l’ophtalmologiste (m/f)
  • fever la fièvre
  • flu la grippe
  • headache mal de tête
  • health la santé
  • HIV le VIH
  • in vitro fertilization la fécondation in vitro
  • infection une infection
  • injection une picûre
  • measles la rougeole
  • syringe la seringue
  • operation une interention
  • patient le patient
  • pill une pillule
  • pneumonia la pneumonie
  • pregnant enseinte (adj f)
  • rheumatism le rhumatisme
  • sedative un sédatif
  • sneeze un eternuement
  • specialist un/une spécialiste
  • STD un MST
  • surgeon un chirurgien
  • swollen enflé (adj)
  • tablet un comprimé, un cachet
  • tonsillitis l’angine (f), l’amygdalite (f)
  • wheelchair un fauteuil roulant

Audio phrases for health and illnesses vocabulary

The following table contains a list of health and illnesses vocabulary which you may use at the doctor’s office. This is an audio list. Click on any of French words below to listen to the audio pronunciation.

la santé healthje suis en bonne santé I am in good health.
je ne suis pas en bonne santé I am not in good me sens bien I feel well
je ne me sens pas bien I don't feel suis malade I am sick.
Je me sens mal à l'aise I don't feel at easeje vais chez le médecin I go to the doctor.
je suis en bonne forme I am well/fitje ne suis pas en bonne forme I am not well/fit
je vais à l'hôpital I go to the hospitalj'ai mal ici I have pain here.
je pense que j'ai une infection I think I have an infection.c'est un peu gonflé It's a bit swollen
j'ai une allergie à ce médicament I'm allergic to this ne fume pas. I don't smoke
non, je ne bois pas d'alcool No, I don't drink alcohol.j'ai du mal à respirer I'm having a hard time breathing
je ne prends pas de antibiotique I don't take any antibiotics.j'ai de l'asthme I have asthma.
je n'aime pas les injections I don't like injectionsest-ce que c'est infectieux? Is it infectious?
une maladie a sickness/disease/illnessun médicament a medication
la grippe the flu, influenzaje suis enrhumé I have a cold.
une fièvre a feverla diarrhée diarrhea

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David Issokson

David Issokson is a lifelong language enthusiast. His head is swimming with words and sounds as he speaks over six languages. Of all the languages he speaks, he's the most passionate about French! David has helped hundreds of students to improve their French in his private online lessons. When procrastinating working on his site,, David enjoys his time skiing and hiking in Teton Valley, Idaho.

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