Adverbs of Time

les adverbes de temps

Adverbs of time are used to expression when actions happen. There are also adverbial expressions of time.

à l'heure actuelleright now, at this time, at the moment, currentlyenfinat last finally
actuellementat present, currentlyensuitnext, following that, and then
après-demainthe day after tomorrowje jour mêmethe very day, on the very day
aujourd'huitodayl'avant veilletwo days before
auparavantpreviously, in the pastla dernière semainethe last week (in a sequence of weeks)
aussitôtimmediatelyla semaine dernièrelast week
autrefoispreviously, in the pastla semaine prochainenext week
avantbeforela semaine suivantethe following week
Avant-hierthe day before yesterdayla veillethe day before
bientôtsoonle surlendemaintwo days later, two days after
chaque jourevery daylongtempsfor a long time
d'abordat first, first of all, firstlymaintenantnow
d'habitudeusuallyn'importe quandwhenever
dans trois joursin three daysne + verb + jamaisnever
dans un anin one yearparfoissometimes
dans un moisin one monthprécédemmentpreviously, earlier
dans une quinzainein two weeksprésentementat present, currently (N. America only)
de bonne heureearlyquelquefoissometimes
de temps en tempsfrom time to timerarementrarely
dernièrementrecently, lately tardlate
désormaisfrom now on, from this point forwardtôtearly
en ce momentcurrently, at this timetoujoursalways
encorestill, yet, againtous les jourseveryday
encore une foisagain, one more timetout à l'heurejust now, a bit earlier, in a while
un de ces joursone of these daystout de suiteright away
tout le tempsall the time

Sample sentences

  • Je me lève tôt mais tu te lèves tard. I get up early but you get up late.
  • Je dine toujours avant 18h00. I always have dinner before 6.00pm.
  • Je nage rarement ces jours-ci. I rarely swim these days.
  • J’habite actuellement dans l’ouest des Etats-Unis. I’m currently living in the western United States.
  • Tu devrais faire du sport tous les jours. You should exercise every day.
  • La crise sera terminée dans un an. The crisis will be over in one year.
  • Nous allons faire une randonée la semaine prochaine. We will go on a hike next week.
  • Je mange la pizza de temps en temps. I eat pizza from time to time.
  • Pourquoi est-ce qu’il arrive toujours en retard? Why does he always arrive late?
  • En semaine je regarde les infos chaque soir. I watch the news every evening during the week.
  • Bientôt il fera plus beau. It will be nicer out soon.
  • Je travaille le matin et l’apres-midi. I work in the mornings and evenings.
  • Auparavant j’habitais en Asie. I used to live in Asia.

placement of adverbs of time

The rules for placement of adverbs of time is not set in stone. Sometimes they follow the verb but sometimes they can come at the beginning of a sentence.

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  • Maintenant je mange du fromage. I’m eating cheese now.
    Je mange du fromage maintenant.
  • Elle habite actuellement au Texas. She lives in Texas now.
    Actuellement elle habite au Texas
  • Je travaille tout le temps en ce moment. I’m working all the time now.
    En ce moment je travaille tout le temps.
  • Auparavant je nageais tous les jours. I used to swim everyday.
    Je nageais tous les jours auparavant.
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