Je Suis Meaning

Je suis meaning in French

In French, je suis (pronounced ʒə sɥi or juh-swee) means “I am”. For example, “Je suis desolé (I’m sorry) and “Je suis fatigué (I’m tired). This page covers je suis sentences, conjugation, pronunciation. This page also examines several common translation mistakes.

Je suis conjugation

The conjugation of je suis is found in the conjugation of verb être, which means to be.

Je suis is also used in the passé composé of verbs which use être as an auxiliary (helping verb).

For example, “je suis allé(e)” (I went), “je suis venu(e)” (I came) and “Je suis né(e) (I was born). This page covers the passé composé in detail.

Je suis pronunciation

The pronunciation of je suis is juh-swee. This page on Forvo provides several good examples of the pronunciation of je suis.

When je suis is followed by a word that starts with a vowel, a liaison must be made on the final -s of suis, causing it to sound like a -z.

For example, “Je suis(z) en retard” (I’m late) or “Je suis(z) en France” (I’m in France).

How do you use je suis in a sentence?

Je suis is the basis of thousands of French sentences as it translates to “I am”.

Is je suis name correct?

To introduce yourself, saying “je suis + name” is correct. For example, “Je suis Marie” (I’m Marie) or “Je suis Pierre” (I’m Pierre).

However, the other common way to say “my name is” in French is: “Je m’appelle“, which literally means “I call myself”. Another translation of “Je m’appelle” is “my name is).

Therefore, you can also say: “Je m’appelle Marie” (My name is Marie) or “Je m’appelle Pierre” (My name is Pierre).

Je suis + adjective

In order to say “I am + adjective”, for example “I am happy”, use je suis followed by the adjective in the masculine or feminine form.

This page covers the masculine and feminine agreement rules of French adjectives in detail.

Je suis desolé

“Je suis désolé(e)” means I’m sorry in French. Add an extra -e for agreement with a female speaker.

Je suis américain

“Je suis américain(e)” means I’m American. To say your nationality, say je suis + nationality adjective in the masculine or feminine form.

This page covers words for over 100 nationalities in detail.

Je suis chez moi

“Je suis chez moi” means “I’m at home”. To say “I’m home” you can also also say, “Je suis à la maison”.

This page offers a complete explanation of the preposition chez, which means “at the place or home of”.

Je suis fatigué

“Je suis fatigué(e)” means I’m tired. The French word, fatigué is related to the English word fatigue.

Speed up your learning with an app

Many of our students have greatly enhanced their learning by using an app. On these pages we've examined the top-30 apps for learning French. On this pages we've written comprehensive reviews for Pimsleur (great for people struggling with pronunciation), Rosetta Stone and FrenchPod101 (both great for visual learners).

Je suis au travail

Je suis au travail means “I’m at work”. The word “au” is a contraction of à + le, which means “at the”.

Je suis beau, belle

Use “je suis” to describe your physical appearance. For example, “Je suis beau” (I’m handsome) or “Je suis belle” (I’m beautiful).

This page covers vocabulary for physical appearances and descriptions.

Je suis content

There are two ways to say I’m happy in French: “Je suis content(e)” and “Je suis heureux/heureuse”.

Je suis occupé

“Je suis occupé(e)” means I am busy.

When describing having a busy week, make yourself the subject of the sentence. “Je suis tres occupé(e) cette semaine”. Translations include “I’m very busy this week” or “I’m having a busy week”.

Je suis ravi, enchanté

“Je suis ravi(e) de vous connaître” and “Je suis enchanté(e) de vous connaître” both mean nice to meet you in French.

Common expressions with je suis

Je suis is used in many common expressions. This page explains lots of usages of être.

Je suis d’accord

“Je suis d’accord” means I agree. This page offers a complete explanation of the word d’accord.

Je suis en train de

“Je suis en train de + infinitive” is used to express the present continuous tense. For example, “Je suis en train de travailler” (I am working).

This page explains “être en train de“, which is used to express, “to be in the middle of doing something”.

Je suis encore

“Je suis encore” translates to “I am still”. For example, “Je suis encore au travail” (I’m still at work).

Je suis de retour

“Je suis de retour” translates to “I’m back”. For example, “Salut tout le monde! Je suis de retour!” (Hi everybody! I’m back!).

Common mistakes with je suis

Several common mistakes can be made with “je suis”.

Je suis très bien

Do not say “je suis très bien” for “I’m doing very well”. To express how you’re doing, use the verb aller (to go). “Je vais très bien” (I’m doing very well).

This page covering French greetings covers several ways to say how you’re doing.

Je suis faim

To say “I’m hungry”, do not say “Je suis faim”. The expression requires the usage of avoir (to have). I’m hungry in French is “J’ai faim”.

Je suis soif

This same rules applies for “I’m thirsty”. Do not say, “Je suis soif”. Say, “J’ai soif” (I’m thirsty).

Je suis interessé

In order to express what you’re interested in, do not say “Je suis interessé(e)”.

Use the verb “s’interesser à”. For example, “Je m’interesse au franàais” (I’m interested in French).

Conclusion

After having read this page, we hope you’ve discovered and understood the many uses of “je suis” in the French language! We hope this lesson has helped!

Related lessons:

More resources:

If you've found this post useful you might want to considering looking at our post covering the best apps for learning French. We've looked a total 33 apps and have written comprehensive reviews of Rosetta Stone, Pimsleur and FrenchPod101.

Sign Up For A FREE Trial French Lesson On Skype And Get Instant Access To My French Pronunciation Crash Course.

Get the French Pronunciation Crash Course!