Les Prépositions

A preposition is a word such as à (to or at) or de (from) that links two parts of a sentence. The most common prepositions in French are à, de, avec (with), pour (for) and en (in). The following are the most common one-word prepositions.

à at, in Je travaille à 7h00. I work at seven o’clock.
après after Marie arrive après Jean. Marie is arriving after Jean.
avant before Nous arrivons avant vous We’re arriving before you.
avec with Je dîne avec Marc. I’m having dinner with Marc.
contre against Nous sommes contre la violence. We’re against violence.
chez at, with Il habite chez moi. He lives at my place.
dans in Nous partons dans une heure. We’re leaving in one hour.
de from, of Je viens de la plage. I’m coming from the beach.
derrière behind Le chien est derrière la maison. The dog is behind the house.
dès from Nous commençons dès le début. We’re starting from the start.
devant in front of La voiture est stationée devant la maison. The car is parked in front of the house.
durant during Il neige durant les vacances. It’s snowing during the vacation.
en in Ils habitent en France. They live in France.
entre between Ils habitent entre Nice et Marseille. They live between Nice and Marseille.
envers toward Il est toujours sympathique envers moi. She’s always nice to me.
hormis apart from Hormis le plat prinipal, tout est prévu. Apart from the main dish, everything has been planned for.
malgré in spite of Nous nous amusons malgré le mauvais temps. We’re having fun despite the bad weather.
par by, through Je passe par la poste. I’m going by the post office.
pendant during, for Je fais du ski pendant les vacances. I ski during vacation.
pour for Je travaille pour Monsieur Dubois. I work for Mr. Dubois.
sans without Je prends mon café sans sucre. I have my coffee without sugar.
sauf except J’aime tous les fruits sauf les bananes. I like all fruit except bananas.
selon according to Selon les nouvelles la situation est tres grave. According to the news the situation is very serious.
sous under Le chat est sous le lit. The cat is under the bed.
suivant in accordance with Nous prendrons un choix selon son opinion. We’ll make a choice in accordance with his opinion.
sur on Le chien est sur le lit. The dog is on the bed.
vers towards. Il se derige vers la plage. He’s moving towards the beach.
vu considering, given Vu les circumstances, nous devons rester a la maison. Given the circumstances, we must stay home.

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